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Education systems in Japan



Preschool education in Japan includes: nursery schools; kindergartens. Education in Japan begins almost from the first years of life. The only exception is the nursery, where children are simply supervised all day. They do not have any educational training. This is explained by the fact that the nursery is not under the Ministry of Education, but the Ministry of Labor of Japan. Unlike nurseries, kindergartens actively prepare children for school. They learn to read, write, learn to count, and interact with other children. The doors of kindergartens are open to children ages 3 to 6. In order to get into a good elementary school, you must get into a good kindergarten. An important feature of education in Japan is that they start thinking about the successful future of the child as soon as he or she leaves his or her diaper.

 Inclusive Education in Japan

It is worth telling separately about inclusive education in Japan.

There are specialized kindergartens and schools for children with special needs, where they not only learn, but also undergo rehabilitation programs. If the developmental peculiarities are not too strong, such a child can attend regular educational institutions. If he/she cannot go to school, home schooling is arranged.

The school system in Japan

 Every child is taught from childhood to be good at school. Do well on any homework can help with this.

Otherwise he will not be able to find a decent job and settle down in life. Schooling in the Land of the Rising Sun includes three stages:

Elementary school.

 Middle School.

High School. С

Compulsory schooling in Japan lasts only nine years: six years in elementary school and three years in high school. High school is considered optional, but 96% of all students graduate from high school.

 Elementary school in Japan is considered one of the most difficult periods in life. This is due to the large amount of work children have to do while studying. To enter elementary school, children must know hirogana and katakana reading techniques, as well as basic arithmetic. At school, children are taught the Japanese language, calligraphy, mathematics, social and natural sciences, music lessons, drawing, housekeeping, and physical education.

A special feature of elementary school is that there are no homework assignments. They appear only in middle and high schools and almost immediately become very extensive. At the end of elementary school, students take a test of 1006 hieroglyphs. This means that you need to know more than half of the characters of the Kanji system (there are 1945 characters in total). In Japan, three Japanese alphabets are used at once: hirogana, a syllabic system for traditional concepts and prepositions, katakana, for borrowed words, and kanji, a hieroglyphic system.

Middle School

 After examinations in elementary school, students move on to middle school. Here English and elective subjects are added.  Therefore, is the right place to help. In primary and secondary education in Japan, there is no single program approved by the Ministry of Education. Each school determines its own set of textbooks to study.

Tutoring Schools.

Beginning in middle school, tutoring classes often appear on children's schedules at additional Juku schools. This is a feature of Japan's educational system; nowhere else in the world is there such a thing. In these schools, children study with tutors and do an endless number of tests and exercises. It is believed that without studying in Juku there is little chance of getting into a prestigious university.

Tutoring schools are not cheap at all. They generate more than a trillion yen in revenue each year. Not surprisingly, high school students are considered the busiest people in Japan. In high school, they spend the first half of the day in class, then they go to classes, then they go to Juku, and then they have to do all their homework!

High School

The educational system in Japan allows students to go on to high school after high school. Here, students actively prepare for admission and learn a deeper specialization. They can be roughly compared to our technical schools and colleges. How much does it cost to go to school in Japan? The parents of schoolchildren pay about 415,000 yen (298,000 rubles) a year. It all depends on the prestige of the school. In private schools the amount will be higher than in public ones. Plus there is the additional cost of tuition at Juca tutoring schools.

 Higher education

The higher education system in Japan is similar to the European and American systems. After four years of study a student receives a bachelor's degree and can either look for a job or pursue an academic career. For those who went to high school after high school, there is an opportunity to go directly to the third year. Because in the first two students are usually determined with an interesting direction, for example it could be history which will be easier to cope with, and from the third already begins to specialize.

Higher education in Japan can be obtained in private and public universities. But everyone tends to enroll in public ones. There are several reasons for this: it is believed that the education there is of higher quality; the diploma gives an advantage when applying for a job; the tuition fee is much lower. For comparison, a medical degree at a Tokyo university costs 3.5 million yen (1.3 million rubles) over six years of study. It costs more than 30 million yen (more than 21 million rubles) to study at a private university for the same specialty. It is very difficult to enter a state university. If to study at a private university it is enough to show the results of the central examination, to pass the entrance exam and to pay a fixed amount of money once a year, the state university, in addition to all the above you will have to write a motivation letter and become the best among the other applicants by passing the crazy competition. Another interesting fact: Universities in Japan also do not have an approved program. Students choose the subjects that interest them, but no more than 25. It is believed that with a larger number of subjects, students are unable to concentrate and learn well, and a smaller list of subjects will not allow them to earn the right number of credits for successful study.

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